In this case, it is the building itself, not a collection of objects, that is the subject of the museum. In the late 1890s the house, now featured in every art history book, was designed for personal use by the famous Belgian Art Nouveau architect Victor Horta (1861-1947). The Ghent-born Horta studied in Paris, as well as at the Brussels Academy of Fine Arts. In 1893 he erected the first real Art Nouveau building in Brussels, the famous Hôtel Tassel in 6 Rue Paul-Émile Janson; it was followed by Hôtel Solvay (1894), his masterpiece, the no more existing Maison du Peuple, Hôtel van Eetvelde (1895), Magasins Waucquez (1903), etc.
Horta's own house in a pure example of the style that made him one of the most significant Belgian architects ever. Art Nouveau was popular in Brussels between 1893 and 1918. Horta was particularly fond of the so-called whiplash motif, decorative mosaics on the facade, as well as open use of steel and iron - all of these elements can be seen in the exterior and interior of this building. One of the most significant of Horta's innovations was his approach to floor planning - the placement of rooms around a central hall, thus creating much stronger natural lighting in comparison with the traditional Belgian 19th-century residences.
Rue Américaine 23/25
Keywords: museum, Brussels