Intricately decorated Turkish swords, daggers and curved jatagani are startling in their beauty and their diverse techniques of ornamentation. Firearms like the šišana, arnautka, dzeferdar and the rasak puzzle one with their mystical names. These weapons are only a small part of the detailed Serbian History Museum's exposition.
The idea of a museum, which could collect, store and exhibit objects connected with the Serbian nation's history, occurred at the same time as the founding of the National Museum in 1844, but the National Museum's History Collection existed only formally. In 1954, in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the first Serbian uprising (1804-1813), an extremely wide-ranging thematic exhibition was organized, which nearly ten years later formed the base of the newly established Serbian History Museum.
Currently, the museum's permanent exposition is split up into chronological sections: the Middle Ages; Period of Foreign Occupation; Period from 1804 to 1918; Inter-war Period; National War of Liberation (1941-1945); and Post-war Serbia. Various important Serbian historical documents, visual art works, ethnographic objects, mediaeval armour, flags, medals and certificates of honour, commemorative items associated with important persons and events, maps, seals, posters, photographs, postcards and many other artefacts have been used to create a comprehensive overview of the Serbian people and their nation's history.
The materials from the ethnographic collection serve to create interesting cultural settings, in which important historic events have taken place. A small log cabin and Oriental city building, for example, represent the environment in which the Serbs lived at the times of the First and Second Uprising. The Clothing in 19th- century Serbia as a reflection of historical events exposition illustrates various cultural trends that came into Serbia both from Western Europe and the East, influencing fashion all across the country.
Clothes made from luxury materials decorated with rich silver and gold ornaments represent an Oriental trend, which dominated until the 1930s. In turn, a mixture of original Western European and Eastern fashion trends illustrate the period from the 1970s.
Djure Jaksica 9
Keywords: museum, Belgrade