The National Museum in Belgrade was the first cultural institution in the world to include a Piet Mondrian painting in its permanent exposition. The largest and oldest museum in Serbia, it was founded in 1844, with many valuable art masterpieces from across the globe in its extraordinarily rich collection. The building's structure has a layout typical of the classic art museum. The Ancient Art section has sculptures many thousands of years old, as well as Egyptian, Greek, Roman and ancient Celtic art works that have been found in the territory of the Balkans.
There is also a numismatic collection with a great variety of coins, medals, rings and seals; as well as a mediaeval collection, whose greatest treasures are Miroslav's Gospel - a 362-page illustrated manuscript created in 1186 in Serbia (included in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register), along with Queen Teodora's ring (early 14th century), King Stefan Radoslav's ring (beginning of the 13th century) and a wide collection of icons (13th-16th century).
The 14th-20th century visual art collection is undoubtedly the richest and most valuable of the collections in the museum - paintings, sculptures, drawings and graphics from various European countries and schools. The French art section stands out as the largest in the Balkans and one of the best in the world. At the core of this section is the private collection of Belgrade artist Erih Slomovic. While still quite young, he became a protégé of the greatest art dealer of the early 20th century, Ambroise Vollard, and developed his own high quality collection due to the connections he had made.
There are about 250 works covering four centuries in the French art collection. The paintings and graphics of Gauguin, Renoir and Dégas are the most widely represented here, but the works of Toulouse-Lautrec, Matisse, Monet, Cézanne, Corot, Signac, Rodin, Rouault, Bonnard, Pissarro, Redon, Moreau, Daumier, Daubigny, Dérain, Dufy and many others are also found here.
The museum's Italian art collection is also noteworthy. Here one can find the works of Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese, as well as Caravaggio, Canaletto and Modigliani. The Dutch and Flemish painters are represented by works from Rembrandt and Rubens, as well as van Gogh and van Dongen. The Russian, Austrian, and German art collections are also very interesting and contain valuable works by artists of the calibre of Kandinsky, Dürer, Sisley, Klimt, Lissitzky, Chagall, Borovikovsky and others.
In addition to those previously mentioned, the museum also contains a captivating Japanese art collection, a broad Cubist art collection and a comprehensive Yugoslavian and Serbian art collection, from which one can learn a great deal about four centuries of the fine arts in this region.
НАРОДНИ МУЗЕЈ У БЕОГРАДУ
Trg Republike 1a
Keywords: museum, Belgrade